Royaume-Uni, Londres, Wellcome Library, MS.MSL.60

Référentiel d'autorité Biblissima :

  • Autre forme de la cote :
    • Londres. Wellcome Library, MSL, 060
  • Conservé à : Londres. Wellcome Library
  • Date de fabrication :
  • Nombre de feuillets : 221 folios; 8vo. 21.5 × 14 cm. Early eighteenth century leather binding, rebacked.

Texte du manuscrit

Source des données : Pinakes

Antidota uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Antidota uaria
  • Feuillets : 220-222v
  • Incipit : Φοβερὰ δόκιμος γεναμένη εἰς ὑγείαν πολλῶν ἀνθρώπων (Source : Pinakes)

Avicenne (0980-1037) : Opera [Grec].

Botanica [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Botanica
  • Feuillets : 071v
  • Incipit : Ἀσαφέτιδα· ἀλτήλ (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : λημναίαν σφραγίς· ταμούχημ. Τέλος (Source : Pinakes)

Claude Galien (0131?-0201?) : De ponderibus et mensuris [Grec].

Claude Galien (0131?-0201?) : De urinis (uaria) [Grec].

Claude Galien (0131?-0201?) : Definitiones medicae [Grec].

De natura hominis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De natura hominis uaria
  • Feuillets : 046
  • Incipit : Τί ἔστιν ἄνθρωπος; ἄνρθωπος ἐστί ζῷον θνητόν (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : καὶ μειοῦται τὸ ζῷον (Source : Pinakes)

De natura hominis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De natura hominis uaria
  • Feuillets : 071
  • Incipit : Συνουσιαζομένου τοῦ ἀνδρὸς μετὰ τῆς γυναικός (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ποιούμεν μνημόσυνον τοῦ τεθνηκότος (Source : Pinakes)

De natura hominis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De natura hominis uaria
  • Feuillets : 138r-v
  • Incipit : Τῶν κράσεων τὸ πόσον ὅτι ἐγγέα (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : καὶ τὰ μὲν ὑγιεινὰ τὰ δὲ νοσερά· τὰ δὲ οὐδέτερα (Source : Pinakes)

De natura hominis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De natura hominis uaria
  • Feuillets : 192r-v
  • Incipit : Ἰστέον ὅτι τὰ τέσσαρα στοιχεῖα τοῦ σώματος (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : φλέγμασι διὰ τὴν τῶν σιτίων δριμύτητα (Source : Pinakes)

De natura hominis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De natura hominis uaria
  • Feuillets : 192v
  • Incipit : Πέντε μὲν εἰσὶν αἱ αἰσθήσεις (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ἔχει περὶ αὐτὴν τὴν μνήμην (Source : Pinakes)

De pulsibus uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De pulsibus uaria
  • Feuillets : 193-198
  • Incipit : Ὁ σφυγμὸς κίνησις δὲ ἀρτηριῶν ἀπὸ καρδίας ἀρχομένης (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : εἰς τὸ βάθος τοῦ σώματος· ὕστερον δέ (Source : Pinakes)

De pulsibus uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De pulsibus uaria
  • Feuillets : 198r-v
  • Incipit : Πόσαι ποιότητες θεωροῦνται ἐν τῇ διαστολῇ τῶν σφυγμῶν (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : σημεία κατὰ ψύξιν (Source : Pinakes)

De uenae sectione uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De uenae sectione uaria
  • Feuillets : 191v
  • Incipit : Τὸ κατάμαυρον αἶμα ὄτι ἰχῶρα οὐ ποιήσει (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : φοινικοῦν ἔχει χρῶμα μακρονισίαν δηλοῖ (Source : Pinakes)

De urinis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De urinis uaria
  • Feuillets : 177-184
  • Incipit : Πέψεις εἰσὶ γ'· πρώτη ἐν στομάχῳ (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : εἴδου βενετίζουσα τέλειον εἶναι σημείον (Source : Pinakes)

De urinis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De urinis uaria
  • Feuillets : 189v-191
  • Incipit : Τὸ πρῶτον ὑέλιον ἐστὶν ἄσπρον (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ὅτι ἄλλο οὐκ ἔβοσκον εἰ μὴ ἁλμυροριχίαν (Source : Pinakes)

De urinis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De urinis uaria
  • Feuillets : 191
  • Incipit : Ἐπάρε τὸ κλοκίον καὶ θὲς αὐτό (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ἔνι γὰρ τὸ ἧπαρ αὐτοῦ βεβλαμμένον (Source : Pinakes)

De urinis uaria [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : De urinis uaria
  • Feuillets : 191r-v
  • Incipit : Δεῖ γιγνώσκειν ὅτι ὅταν ἔστι τὸ οὖρον (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : εἰ δ' οὐ βενετίζει, τέλειον εἶναι σημεῖον (Source : Pinakes)

Démétrius Pépagomène : Promptuarium medicum [Grec].

Épiphane (saint, 0315 ?-0403) : De duodecim gemmis [Grec].

Étienne d'Alexandrie (commentateur d'Aristote, 05..-06..) : De febrium differentiis [Grec].

Hippocrate (0460-0377 av. J.-C.) : De semine, de natura pueri, de morbis IV [Grec].

Hippocrate (0460-0377 av. J.-C.) : Semaines [Grec].

Iatrosophion [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Iatrosophion
  • Feuillets : 073-124v
  • Incipit : Εἰς πρίσμα κοιλίας ὅταν γενηται σκληρή· λινόκουκον (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ὅτε ἄδιψος ἔχει ὠσὶ καρύου ποντικοῦ τὸ μέγεθος. Τέλος (Source : Pinakes)

Joannes Actuarius (1275?-1330?) : De urinis [Grec].

Lexicon medicum [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Lexicon medicum
  • Feuillets : 048-50v
  • Incipit : Ἀρχὴ τοῦ α· ἄκανθα Αἰγυπτία, ἀγριοκάρδαμος (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ὠταλγία, ὠτῶν πόνος· τέλος τῶν λέξεων (Source : Pinakes)

Nicolaus Myrepsus (12..-128.?) : De compositione medicamentorum [Grec].

Paschalium [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Paschalium
  • Feuillets : 061-62
  • Incipit : Χρὴ δὲ εἰδέναι ὅτι ἀπὸ τὴν κ' καὶ ἄνω (Source : Pinakes)

Quaedam (Astrologica astronomica) [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Quaedam (Astrologica astronomica)
  • Feuillets : 060-61
  • Incipit : Εἰ θέλης εὑρεῖν τὸ θεμέλιον τῆς σελήνης (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : ἔστιν ὁ κύκλος τῆς σελήνης (Source : Pinakes)

Quaedam (Geographica) [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Quaedam (Geographica)
  • Feuillets : 063-71
  • Incipit : Τὸ τῆς γῆς σχῆμα οὔτε τρίγονον ἐστίν (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : Περὶ τὸ πῶς οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι καλοῦσι τὴν γῆν ... καθῶς φησὶν ἡ θεία γραφή (Source : Pinakes)

Théophile Protospathaire (08..-08..) : De urinis [Grec].

Varia (Medica) [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Varia (Medica)
  • Feuillets : 184-185
  • Incipit : Ἡ πολλὴ κόπρος αἴτια β' ἔχει (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : αἱ δὲ παχεῖαι ὀλίγον αἷμα γενῶσι κόπρον δὲ πολλήν (Source : Pinakes)

Varia (Medica) [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Varia (Medica)
  • Feuillets : 053-56
  • Incipit : Περὶ ἱδρώτων· Πόσα αἴτια ἱδρώτων (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : Περὶ ζωτικῆς δυνάμεως· ἡ ζωτικὴ δύναμις ἐκ τῆς ὑπάρξεως ... τὰ σώματα δυσχζερῶς δὲ ἀπὸ ψύξεως (Source : Pinakes)

Varia (Medica) [Grec].

  • Œuvre associée : Varia (Medica)
  • Feuillets : 163-169v
  • Incipit : Ἐὰν ἡ ξανθὴ χολὴ περιττεῦει (Source : Pinakes)
  • Explicit : Περὶ τοῦ τί δύναται ἡ φλεβοτομία ... καὶ περιόδους ἀνακαλέσασθαι (Source : Pinakes)


Anciens possesseurs

Anciennement dans


  • This volume was originally in the library of Anthony Askew, but it lacks the usual note to this effect by James Sims. (Source : Wellcome Library)
  • (3.) ff. 20-45, cf. MS. No. 134.

    (10.) ff. 53-55, cf. MS. No. 52.

    (28.) ff. 170-171, there is a similar text in MS. Bodleian 261 (Codex Roe XV), f. 89v.

    (31.) ff. 184-185, cf. MS. No. 52 B, f. 354v.

    (32.) ff. 185v-187, cf. MS. No. 124.

    (41.) ff. 199-205, a similar text has been published by Franciscus Zacharias Emerinus, Anecdota Medica Græca e Codicibus Manuscriptis, Leiden 1840, p. 70.

    (Source : Wellcome Library)
  • The paper and handwriting indicate early fifteenth century date. The whole book is the work of one scribe. The handwriting is neat and careful and rubrics are freely employed. There are ornamental head- and tail-pieces to many of the pages. The manuscript consists of a collection of extracts from the works of various Greek medical writers down to the end of the Byzantine period. Over forty different opuscula can be identified. The manuscript is on the whole in good preservation, but some of the folios are water-stained and many are badly wormed. The book bears evidence of having been much used by its original possessor, for whom it must have been compiled from many different sources, for in addition to the excerpts from writers of note, such as Hippocrates and Galen, it contains extracts from lesser known works, some of which are exceeding rare.


    1. ff. 1-12: The Aphorisms of Hippocrates, books i-vii.

    2. ff. 13-19: The Prognostics of Hippocrates.

    3. ff. 20-45: A table from the Dynameron of Nicolaus Myrepsos of Nicaea (fl. A.D. 1290). The work is a formulary compiled from the pharmacies of Greek, Latin and Arabic writers.

    4. f. 46, first 8 lines: A short anonymous tract entitled What is Man? in the form of questions and answers.

    5. f. 46: A treatise entitled On the Creation of the World and of Man. An anonymous work, of which another copy has been published by Julius Ludwig Ideler, Physici et Medici Graeci Minores, Berlin 1841-2, Vol. i, pp. 303-4. The text of this manuscript corresponds to the first three sections of that of Ideler.

    6. op. cit. p. 304: On the Four Orders, corresponding to § 4 of Ideler's text (f. 46v).

    7. ff. 46v-48: A treatise On Generation, corresponding to the anonymous work published by Ideler, op. cit., Vol. i, pp. 294-296.

    8. ff. 48-50: An alphabetical lexicon of materia medica "compiled from all the Greek writers in alphabetical order".

    9. ff. 50v-53: On the Substitutes of Paulus Aegineta. This is the 25th chapter of Book vii of Paulus.

    10. ff. 53-55: A treatise On Sweats, anonymous.

    11. f. 55: On Digestion, anonymous.

    12. ff. 55v-56: On Animal Force.

    13. ff. 56-57: On the Measures of Galen.

    14. ff. 57-58: A treatise entitled On the Twelve Precious Stones. In reference to the stones on the breastplate of the Jewish highpriest.

    15. ff. 58v-59: Astrological formulæ, and a diagram (in red) of seven concentric circles. This section is written by a different hand from that of the rest of the manuscript.

    16. ff. 60-61: A tract entitled Explanation of the Foundation of the Earth.

    17. ff. 61-71: Astrological diagrams and figures followed by a long explanatory text.

    18. f. 71v: A botanical list in four columns, headed Syriac Names of Plants.

    19. f. 72: Miscellaneous prescriptions, with many miscellaneous scribblings and jottings on the back. Possibly an intrusive folio from another manuscript.

    20. ff. 73-77: A catalogue headed: A Table of Certain Treatises.

    21. ff. 78-124: The treatises referred to in the above list (No. 20) from "the most wise and learned Galen, Hippocrates, Paulus, Aetius, and many other ancient physicians". Arranged in the head-to-foot order.

    22. ff. 125-126: A table of certain treatises compiled by Demetrius Pepagomenos. Demetrius was court physician to the Emperor Michael VII (1261-1281). He wrote several monographs of which only two have arrived entire, i.e., those upon sick animals and upon gout.

    23. ff. 126v-138: The extracts referred to in the above table (No. 22).

    24. f. 138: A work entitled On the Temperaments.

    25. ff. 138v-142: The treatise Stephanus on the Distinction of Fevers. Stephanus was the father of Alexander of Tralles.

    26. ff. 142v-162: The treatise of Simeon Seth, On Foods. This treatise on the curative properties of foods is compiled from writers of works on Greek, Persian, Arabic and Indian materia medica. Twelfth century A.D.

    27. ff. 163-169: A work entitled On the Method of Administering Remedies.

    28. ff. 170-171: A work entitled Galen on the Distinction of Urines.

    29. ff. 171-179: A work entitled Theophilus on the Sediments in Urine. Theophilus, a Christian physician of the Byzantine School 610-641, was the first to write specially on the study of urine, its colour, consistence and the prognosis to be drawn from it.

    30. ff. 177-184: An anonymous work on urine

    31. ff. 184-185: An extract from Theophilus, On Excrements. Similar to, but not identical with the text published by Ideler, op. cit., Vol. i, pp. 397-408.

    32. ff. 185v-187: A summarized version of Actuarius on Urines.

    33. ff. 187v-189: A fragment of On the Signs of Diseases attributed to Maximus Planudus. Corresponding to the text printed in Ideler, op. cit., Vol. ii, pp. 318-322.

    34. ff. 189v-191: An anonymous work entitled An Explanation of Crystals according to Hippocrates. The attribution of this to Hippocrates, is, of course, apocryphal.

    35. f. 191: A fragment entitled Explanation of Galen on the Ischium.

    36. f. 191: A fragment entitled An Exact Synopsis of Urines from the Persian authors, equivalent to the text printed by Ideler, op. cit., Vol. ii, pp. 305-6, De Urinis secundum Persas.

    37. f. 192: An anonymous fragment headed On the Four Elements of the Body.

    38. f. 192v: An anonymous fragment headed On the Five Senses.

    39. ff. 198-199: An apocryphal work attributed to Galen, On the Pulse.

    40. ff. 198-199: Another anonymous fragment headed On the Pulse.

    41. ff. 199-205: A work entitled Theophilus on the Pulse.

    42. ff. 206-220: The first book of the Euporista of Galen.

    43. ff. 220-221: A collection of remedies for pains in the feet, attributed to "the Egyptian Hermes Trismegistos".

    (Source : Wellcome Library)


  • (25.) ff. 138v-142, this work was published by Bernardus at Leiden in 1745 under the name of Palladius. Another text also ascribed to Palladius, will be found in Ideler, op. cit., Vol. i, pp. 107-120.

    This manuscript is described in detail by Petros Bouras-Vallianatos in Medical History 59 (2015), pp.275-326.
  • A. Touwaide, « Lexica medico-botanica byzantina. Prolégomènes à une étude », Τῆς φιλίης τάδε δῶρα. Miscelánea léxica en memoria de Conchita Serrano, Manuales y anejos de "Emerita" 41, Madrid, Consejo superio de investigaciones científicas, 1999, p. 221-228
  • C. Cutolo, « Un'inedita raccolta di ricette nel ms. Parisinus gr. 2220 », Galenos, 9, 2015, p. 57-69
  • J. Jouanna, Hippocrate. Pronostic, Collection des Universités de France, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2013
  • L. Tartaglia, « Il lessico medico del codice Lond. Med. Soc. 60 », I testi medici greci. Tradizione e ecdotica. Atti del III Convegno Internazionale, Napoli 15-18 ottobre 1997, Collectanea 17, Napoli, M. D'Auria, 1999, p. 547-557
  • M. Capone Ciollaro, « Un ricettario medico attribuito a Giovanni archiatra », dans A. Roselli (éd), Ecdotica e ricezione dei testi medici greci. Atti del V Convegno Internazionale, Napoli 1-2 ottobre 2004, Collectanea 24, Napoli, M. D'Auria, 2006, p. 213-230
  • M. Capone Ciollaro, Demetrio Pepagomeno. Prontuario medico. Testo edito per la prima volta, con introduzione, apparato critico e indice, Hellenica et Byzantina Neapolitana. Collana di Studi e Testi 21, Napoli, Bibliopolis, 2003
  • N. Serikoff, N. Serikoff, « "Syriac" plant names in a fiffteenth century Greek glossary (From the Wellcome Library Books and Manuscripts) », 2013, p. 97-122
  • P. Bouras-Vallianatos, « Bizanslı Hekimlerin Şifa Sanatı Bağlamının İncelenmesi. Contextualizing the Art of Healing by Byzantine Physicians », Hayat Kısa, Sanat Uzun. Bizans’ta Şifa Sanatı. Life Is Short, Art Long. The Art of Healing in Byzantium, Pera Müzesi Publication 73, Istanbul, Pera Museum, 2015, p. 104-122
  • P. Bouras-Vallianatos, « Greek Manuscripts at the Wellcome Library in London: A Descriptive Catalogue », Medical History, 59, 2015, p. 275-326 (Version en ligne)
  • V. NUTTON, B. Zipser, « MSL 14: A Wellcome Manuscript of a Medical Practitioner », dans A. Roselli (éd), Storia della tradizione e edizione dei medici greci. Atti del VI Colloquio internazionale, Paris 12-14 aprile 2008, Collectanea 27, Napoli, M. D'Auria, 2010, p. 259-270

Sources des données